Germany: From Unification to Now (Western Civilization Course Paper)

The country of Germany is very interesting.  We Americans seem to love their food, their beer, etc.  However, whenever we think of Germany we still think about the concentration camps, do we not?  Do we still think of them as the beginning of the two World Wars?

Yes, and I am pretty certain we Americans are not the only people or country who still think that Germany was or is the worst country.  However, this long essay is to point out how Germany came to be its own independent country, what they did during the world wars, how they came to be the people they are today, and to show you that they are not as bad as we think they are. Read the rest of this entry


English 3 Course Paper: Literature You Should Know

    As the world continued on from 1492, English literature was more widely read; it became more and more acknowledged thanks to the printing press.  As time went on, inventions of that of the printing press and other literature-based objects helped cause the prices of books to go down; allowing the poorer families to purchase books.  The printing press also helped expand literature.  This brought forth many more books to be written for not only rich people but poor as well. Read the rest of this entry

Today: Collectivism or Individualism?

   Today in the United States are we looked at as individuals?  Or collectives?  Are there any events that have happened recently that make us look like any of the labels mentioned above?  Yes.  There is.  But to understand what I’m talking about, we need to understand what the two “labels” mean.

Read the rest of this entry

Course Paper for English 3: Second Draft

    As the world continued on from 1492, English literature was more widely read; it became more and more acknowledged thanks to the printing press.  As time went on, inventions of that of the printing press and other literature-based objects helped cause the prices of books to go down; allowing the poorer families to purchase books.  The printing press also helped expand literature.  This brought forth many more books to be written for not only rich people but poor as well.

     What also came along with the printing press was more people going to school.  Although this seemed like it would help poor kids in their education, it actually was a tough decision for the parents.  The children were needed back home, therefore, parents kept one or two, usually the older two, home and sent the younger ones to school.  However, this changed when the school laws hit.

   Children began being forced off the farm and put into school against the parent’s wishes.

   Because of all what I mentioned above, the demand for books soared.  More people began to read, therefore, more people wanted to read more.  This gave authors, writers, and the printing press people the encouragement to write more and print more.

     One of the first major literary works after 1492 is something every schoolboy and girl should know about.  It was the Ninety-Five Theses by Martin Luther.

     During his time of 1517, Martin Luther witnessed sinners paying for their salvation.  They, the sinners, would go to the church and give their money to indulgence salesmen in what they thought would save them.  This, of course, is not true since the only way to be saved is through Jesus Christ.  These indulgence salesmen would proclaim to the people that they would be forgiven of their wrongs, if, and only if, they paid them.  This was, however, not the only problem the church was dealing with at the time.

     Luther was angered and wanted to fix the problems.  Therefore, he wrote the Ninety-Five Theses.  He changed history when he nailed his work on the church door.  The work stated what the church was doing wrong, what it was suppose to be doing, what the pope was to do, and how people actually are saved.

     Like the Ninety-Five Theses, other religious works sprang to the surface throughout the sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, twentieth centuries, and still even today.  In 1592 there was the work of Christopher Marlowe: The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Dr. Faustus, a play.  The play is about a man named Faustus who had the chance to become a powerful man on earth, but in order to achieve this, Faustus had to give up his soul to the devil, Satan.  He did just that.  Being powerful, however, was not enough in the end.  When his time came, Dr. Faustus become Satan’s slave and went to hell.

    In 1605, Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes was published.  Don Quixote is about a man whose name is the title.  He read all of the books about chivalry.  Chivalry has to do with knights, castles, kings, etc.  However, because he was old and easily fooled, Quixote began to think he was a knight.  He started hallucinating that a somewhat ugly woman was the prettiest woman he had ever laid eyes on and calls her Dulcinea, when, in fact, that is not her true name.

    Quixote left his hometown in search for a castle that way he could become a knight.  However, he needed the ruler of the castle to make him a knight.  He walked to an inn which he believed was a castle and went in begging the innkeeper to proclaim him a knight.  After Quixote scares all of the customers away, the innkeeper finally gave in to making him a knight.

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    In the rest of the book, Quixote spent endless adventures with a young man, Sancho Panza.  But it was not until he was near death that he realized he has sinned against God.  Before he died, Quixote realized he needed God and to be forgiven.

     In 1604-1611, the King James Bible was translated by several different men.  This was and has become the most world-wide read book in the world.  With all of its thee’s, thou’s, and th’s, it makes it a fun read, but also a most memorable.  This along with Pilgrim’s Progress were taken into the new world, also known as America.  These books went hand in hand with each other.  The King James Bible is the most read and bought book still today.

     John Milton wrote Paradise Lost in 1667.  The book is about Satan after he is kicked out of Heaven.  In hell, Satan finds himself teamed up with other gods who have been left behind in hell.  Among them are Beezlebub and Mammon.  Satan becomes their leader and encourages them to fight back against God but he asks how they are going to do it.  Satan is envious of Adam and Eve.  He wants God to forsaken them as He did with Satan himself.  This is the reason why Satan then tempted Eve and brought about the fall of mankind according to Milton.

     Like the King James Bible, the 1678 book, The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come by John Bunyan, was a must read and still is.  As I mention before, it too was taken into the Americas during the time Englishmen sailed to the Americas.  Christian, the main character, leaves his family back in the town of Destruction.  Carrying a burden of his past sins and meeting a series of other men who have left their hometowns as well, Christian goes through challenges all to reach the cross of Jesus Christ and, in the end, Celestial City which is Heaven.  Along the way to Heaven, Christian becomes a Christian, has his burden removed, and grows in his faith with God.  Pilgrim’s Progress is metaphorical book of what a life of a Christian is like.

     Robinson Crusoe is a book by Daniel Defoe, written in 1719.  Crusoe who thinks he is better than his parents think he is, leaves home to go out and prove himself.  He sails away from home, but encounters a terrible storm.  Praying to God, in fear of his life, Crusoe swears he will never step foot on another boat ever again if God brings him to dry ground safely.  God plays his part of the deal, but Crusoe breaks his promise to God by going on another ship.  Another storm hits, but this time it’s not the weather kind.

    Crusoe is put into the slave trade.  For a few years he stays a slave, but then runs away with another boy.  They travel down south, in Africa and encounter a series of adventures.  However, Robinson Crusoe doesn’t learn and goes again on another ship and endures another storm.  This time he finds himself stranded on an island.  The ship stands on the water, but her crew dead.  Crusoe takes all he can from the ship and stays on the island for a total of thirty years on the island.

    The last religious books mentioned in this section of this course review paper have to do with The Chronicles of Narnia by C. S. Lewis.  They are about in all the land of Narnia.  The books stand as a metaphorical view of God, Jesus, mankind, etc.  In book one, The Lion, the download (1).jpgWitch, and the Wardrobe, four children, Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy Pevensie step through a wardrobe and find themselves in Narnia which is in a eternal winter until they show up.  They help a lion, Aslan, take back Narnia.  Book two, Prince Caspian, is about Prince Caspian who is rightful ruler of Narnia.  To become the ruler, the four Pevensies are called back from their world, the world we live in, back in Narnia to help Caspian.  Book three, The Voyage of Dawn Treader, is about Prince Caspian, Lucy, and Edmund on their search for the seven lords.

     The Silver Chair, book four, doesn’t have any of the Pevensie children like book six, The Magician’s Nephew.  In the Silver Chair, Prince Caspian’s son has gone missing.  Book five, The Horse and His Boy, is about a talking horse and a boy who run away from their captors and travel to Narnia.  Along the way they are met by another talking horse and a girl.  In The Magician’s Nephew, we find out how Narnia came to be and how it was locked in a forever winter by the White Witch.  Finally, in book seven, The Last Battle, Eustace, who is also found in books three and four, and his classmate go to Narnia to endure its last battle and watch as Aslan changes things.

     These are the most read Christian and other religious books.

     Other most-read books during the 1500s through 1900s are the following: Utopia by Thomas More, Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth by Shakespeare, Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, and Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien.  The 1516 Utopia is all about this unknown land that seems to be the perfect place with its no war, no jewels, no hatred, and where everyone has a part in the economy.  This idea of Utopia has never been played out in the real world.

     Shakespeare is probably the best literary scholar still.  With famous plays such as Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare is well known.  In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo finds himself falling in love with his family’s enemy’s daughter.  She, Juliet, in turn, falls in love with Romeo.  They marry in secret, but trouble hits when her father wants her to marry another man.  Perhaps it is the most well-known love story.  Macbeth is a soldier who marries a lovely woman, however, his life and his view of his wife is changed when a jealous and envious soldier wants to make Macbeth pay for what he did.

     In Pride and Prejudice, Elizabeth cannot tell if she hates or loves a man who not only hurts her feelings, but secretly somewhat ruins her sisters’ lives and dreams.  This book is about a family of six sisters and their ways of finding love or just the chance to have a better life in the (3)

     In 1954, J. R. R. Tolkien published the first Lord of the Rings which is about a group of hobbits, a wizard, and other fairytale creatures and their travels to reach Mount Doom.  A ring brings them together and they try to destroy it.  The only way to do this is to reach Mount Doom and throw the ring into the fire from whence it was made from.  However, it is not going to be easy.

     With all of that said and done, I encourage you, now, to read.  If you don’t like reading, then order a book in the form of audio and listen to the book being read to you.  Just take a little bit of your time each day and try and follow along with the author.  You may find yourself drifting away, hopefully not in sleep, but in imagining the scenes, characters, events, etc., of the books.  Then as you continue reading you may suddenly start acting or thinking like the characters.  You’ll enjoy reading, trust me.

     Every time I read a book for the first time, I read quickly, but gather the information, mostly the primary information, also known as the plot, first.  After a while, say like a few days (or hours), I would take the book again and reread it.  However, this time I would read a little more slowly to where I would find information about the book or characters that I had missed last time.  That way no matter how many times I read the book I always find something new or reread the same thing again but see it in a different way.


Do So…

     Reading takes me into a whole other world.  Whenever I feel sad, lonely, depressed, or just to reboot by reading, I open a book and dive into the pages.  In books like Harry Potter, Wings of Fire, Kingdom Keepers, I felt like I was right there with the characters or even one of them.  I felt like was either Ginny or Hermione battling Death Eaters or helping Ron and Harry find Horcruxes; or, joining the dragonets of destiny in their search for their homes and parents; or, figuring out clues and dodging Maleficent’s spells as Amanda from Kingdom Keepers.  So read!  It may be just what you need to leave the troubles of this world for a while.

     Here are a few books to help you start on your reading adventures along with the other


Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix – Book 5

books I mentioned earlier.  In 1997, author J. K. Rowling began the series of books now known as the Harry Potter books.  Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, the Chamber of Secrets, the Prisoner of Azkaban, the Goblet of Fire, the Order of the Phoenix, the Half-Blood Prince, and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows are the seven books of what made her famous.  All of the books are about Harry Potter and his friends as they learn how to become witches and wizards and how to fight back against the evil Lord Voldemort.  Rowling is still adding more to the Harry Potter series.

     One of my other favorite series of books are the Kingdom Keepers by Ridley Pearson.  It is about a group of kids (Finn, Willa, Philby, Maybeck, and Charlene) who find themselves as holograms waking up in Walt Disney World while their bodies sleep back at home.  There is one series complete and he is working on his second series.  The books of the first series are the following: Kingdom Keepers: Disney after Dark, Disney at Dawn,  Disney


Kingdom Keepers: Shell Game

in Shadow, Power Play, Shell Game, Dark Passage,  The Insider, and A Kingdom Keepers Adventure:The Syndrome.  The second series so far are: Kingdom Keepers,The Return: Disney Lands, and Kingdom Keepers, The Return: Legacy of Secrets.  

     Tui T. Sutherland, the author of the Wings of Fire, is an amazing kid fiction writer.  In the


Moon Rising – Book 6

so far, eight different Wings of Fire books, we follow along the lives of five dragons named, Sunny, Starflight, Clay, Tsunami, and Glory who are destined to end a long war between three different SandWing dragons who fight for the throne of being Queen.  This is explained in books one through five: Wings of Fire: Dragonets of Destiny, The Lost Heir, The Hidden Kingdom, The Dark Secret, and Wings of Fire: The Brightest Night.  In books six through eight, so far, are about these different dragons as they attend a school which is an attempt at keeping the peace between the tribes.  These books are called the following: Wings of Fire: Moon Rising, Winter Turning, and Escaping Peril.

     Who knows because of you reading you may find yourself more open-minded, educated, happy, understanding, etc.  And you may find an inspiration to become a writer.  Reading may help you become more creative and, therefore, spark ideas into your head that you must write down.  Probably after more ideas grow off of your original idea, you may feel the urge to write a book or a series of books.  If you do write, do not give up and go for the top.  Try to be the best, but write what you feels needs to come across.

     If you read and/or write, you become a part of the history of literature.  Whether, you name is written down in history or not, you still played a role.  And you will inspire others to do the same.  You write a book, I bet you at least someone will want to make a fanfiction off of it, or a person might encourage others to read it.  Play your part.  But remember whether you are reading and writing, do not give up.
   Keep reading and writing!


PS.  Please let me know in the comments if there is a grammar error or such!  Thank you for reading! 🙂

The World of the 1960s and 1970s

   The world of the 1960s and 1970s was dangerous.  With the Vietnam war, Cold War, American interventions in other countries, and the assassination of Kennedy, the countries were in danger and depressed.  (Also, you might be wondering why a Star Wars Poster is in this essay…Well!  Read on!) Read the rest of this entry

Economic Miracle of Germany

   After World War II, the Germans were living in very poor conditions.  Even the innocent people (unless you count them as the taxpayers who “helped” pay for the war supplies) were starving, living out on the streets, etc.  The Economic Miracle of Germany began when three Germans looked and hoped for freedom.  However, they did not just hope, they did not sit around and wait for someone else to just do it.  They got up and did it themselves. Read the rest of this entry

WWII: Revenge

   When did revenge come into play in World War II?  Pretty much in 1945.  The Americans were taking out their revenge on Japan for their bombing on Pearl Harbor.  France’s revengeful acting against Germany had to do with German women.  From a certain point of thinking, World War II was Germany stage of revenge.  They wanted payback for being the losers of World War I.

   A lot of the revenging acts had to do with hitting them back.  Germany would bomb Britain, then Britain in an act of revenge would bomb Germany back.  This happened a lot in the war, but I want to focus primarily on specific attacks of revenge.


Hiroshima Before and After the Atomic Bombing

   The United States tried to persuade the Soviet Union to join them in their fight against the Japanese.  At first, the Soviets did not want to, but eventually did.  Therefore on August sixth and ninth, the Americans bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan with the first ever atomic bomb.  This was an act of revenge because of what the Japanese did in Pearl Harbor which was an act of revenge because of the Americans putting American Japanese into concentration camps.  And you may have thought Germany was the only one doing that, but it was not.

   France had been attacked by Germany and they wanted to make them pay.  The way they did this was by taking German women they had thought to be in league with the Nazis.  They would shave their hair, put the swastika on them, and throw them out into the streets to be punched, hit, kicked and treated rudely.  This is how revenge was during World War II: innocents (or supposed innocent people would be the ones for people to take out their anger on).

   As I have mentioned before in a previous essay, after World War I the German’s arms and borders were taken care of by the Allies.  They were forced to not cross any of the borders set or carry any weapons until further notice.  However with Adolf Hitler in rule, he rearmed Germany and threatened to cross the line.  France and Britain told him not to and Hitler replied, smartly, with something along the lines of, “Try and stop me.”  And they did, eventually.  In a way this was an act of revenge.

WWII: Brutalities of Both Sides

   As World War II continued with the United States allied with France, Britain and the other Allies, both sides became more brutal.  More killings occurred whether on the ground, in the air, or by the air.  During the second world war bombings did not just occur in the military areas of each country.  Innocent civilians were being killed by both sides because of the bombs.  The Nazis decided that killing the Allies was not enough and started killing Jews.  They called this the Final Solution.  We Americans call it the Holocaust. Read the rest of this entry

Kipling’s Gods of the Copybook Headings and Today

   In 1919, Richard Kipling, an African journalist and writer of the famous book The Jungle Book, wrote what he called The Gods of the Copybook Headings.  Throughout the poem, Kipling writes about the different headings that the Gods of the Market Place (the market place being the people) give to the market place.  The one that mostly applies to us today is, “If you don’t work you die.” Read the rest of this entry

WWII: Beginnings

   World War II, in the end, had Germany, Italy, and Japan as the Axis Powers and with Britain, France, Canada, New Zealand, China, India, the Soviet Union, Australia, and, of course, the United States of America as the Allies.  However, as the war began, it was only the Germans against Poland.  Both sides began to be joined by other countries as the war became global. Read the rest of this entry



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